Why Spring Webflux is better than HttpClient – HowTo in Java

A lot of Boilerplate Code can be avoided.

AND: it is reactive, non-blocking.

Example (really, an example) – the ‚old way‘:

        HttpPost request = new HttpPost("http://www.someurl.de");
        request.setHeader(HttpHeaders.ACCEPT, ContentType.APPLICATION_JSON.getMimeType());
        request.setHeader(HttpHeaders.CONTENT_TYPE, 
                                              ContentType.APPLICATION_JSON.getMimeType());

        String json = someJsonConverter.toJson(someRequestDto);
        HttpEntity stringEntity = new StringEntity(json, ContentType.APPLICATION_JSON);
        request.setEntity(stringEntity);

        try {
            CloseableHttpResponse response2 = httpclient.execute(request);

            if (HttpStatus.SC_CREATED != response2.getStatusLine().getStatusCode()) {
                //TODO eventually handle http statuus additionally
                return returnHandleAndDoNotThrow();
            }
            SomeResponseDto responseDto = (SomeResponseDto) 
                someJsonConverter.toDto(EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity()), 
                                                               SomerResponseDto.class);
            return Optional.ofNullable(responseDto);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            return Optional.empty();;
        }

The new way:

        Function<UriBuilder, URI> function = uriBuilder ->  
                                                  uriBuilder.path("/somePath").build();
        return client.post()
                .uri(function)
                .accept(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
                .contentType(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
                .body(Mono.just(someDtoInstance), SomeDto.class)
                .exchange()
                .block()
                .bodyToFlux(someResponseDto.class);
//any errors, status codes are handled by a filter which you can define as follows:

Howto:

I am using Spring Boot for this, so I do have a Config class.

import ...
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import reactor.core.publisher.Mono;
import org.springframework.web.reactive.function.client.ExchangeFilterFunction;
import org.springframework.web.reactive.function.client.WebClient;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;


@Configuration
public class WebClientConfig {

    //Create the Bean for Autowiring
    @Bean
    public WebClient webClient() {
        return WebClient.builder().filter(someStatusHandlingFilter()).build();
    }
    
    //Handle status codes
    public static ExchangeFilterFunction someStatusHandlingFilter() {
        return ExchangeFilterFunction.ofResponseProcessor(clientResponse -> {
            if ((clientResponse.statusCode().is4xxServerError() 
                || clientResponse.statusCode().is5xxClientError())) {
                return clientResponse                        
                        .bodyToMono(SomeException.class)
                        .flatMap(errorBody -> {
                            return Mono.error(someExceptionToLog);
                        });
            } else {
                return Mono.just(clientResponse);
            }
        });
    }
}

Maven:

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-integration</artifactId>
            <version>your latest version goes here</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-webflux</artifactId>
            <version>your latest version goes here</version>
        </dependency>

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind mit * markiert.